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A Takeover is where a Company gains control over another Company, acquires more than 50% of the Outstanding Shares.

A takeover involves an Acquiring Company, buying the controlling interest, more than 50% in another company or Target Company. This comes under the banner of Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A). The actions of the Acquiring Company can be welcomed by the Target Company or unwelcomed, in which case it will be deemed hostile. The motives of the Acquiring Company can be many ranging from, geographical gaining access to another market, product diversification, gaining economies of scale, or just simply to become bigger so they do not become a target themselves. If the Target Company is listed on a Stock Exchange, then there could be several steps involved.

The first step could involve the Acquiring Company purchasing some stock in the Target Company. Then, in a second step, the Acquiring Company will announce a formal takeover bid, a Tender Offer, at a certain Stock Price. The Tender Offer will usually be at a price, comfortably above the current Share Price. If the traded Share Price shoots over the Tender Offer, then another bid might be expected by the Stock Market. At this point, the Board of the Target Company will need to recommend or reject the offer. The Board must act in the interests of Shareholders. If the takeover is approved and competed, in many cases a third step is involved. The Acquiring Company is obliged to purchase all outstanding Shares. Then the Target Company will be delisted.


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Warren William

Meet the author behind Smartest-Data. Warren William has a career in Finance and Investments extending over 35 years, both on the Buy Side and Sell Side. His most recent roles include, developing Institutional Risk Management Programs for managing Equity and Fixed Income Risk.  Prior to this Warren William work in Alternative Investments, in Investment Management and as a Buy Side Equity Analyst. Warren William brings a wealth of knowledge and expertise to the table, providing in-depth analysis and commentary on the latest trends in the Stock Markets. Contact information: or Telegram +393339034488

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